White Month - Fading Beauty - Voice And Silence (Cassette)

Blank cassettes also were an invaluable tool to spread the music of unsigned acts, especially within tape trading networks. Various legal cases arose surrounding the dubbing of cassettes. Amstrad , the House of Lords found in favor of Amstrad that producing equipment that facilitated the dubbing of cassettes, in this case a high-speed twin cassette deck that allowed one cassette to be copied directly onto another, did not constitute copyright infringement by the manufacturer.

As an alternative to home dubbing, in the late s, the Personics company installed booths in record stores across America that allowed customers to make personalized mixtapes from a digitally encoded back-catalogue with customised printed covers. Educational, religious, corporate, military, and broadcasting institutions benefited from messaging proliferation through accessibly priced duplicators, offered by Telex Communications , Wollensak , Sony , and others.

The duplicators would operate at double or greater tape speed. Systems were scalable, enabling the user to purchase initially one "master" unit typically with 3 "copy" bays and add "slave" units for expanded duplication abilities. The Hewlett Packard HP was one of the first desktop computers in the early s to use automatically controlled cassette tapes for storage.

It could save and find files by number, using a clear leader to detect the end of tape. These would be replaced by specialized cartridges, such as the 3M DC-series. Many of the earliest microcomputers implemented the Kansas City standard for digital data storage. Most home computers of the late s and early s could use cassettes for data storage as a cheaper alternative to floppy disks , though users often had to manually stop and start a cassette recorder.

However, IBM cassette tape was seldom used, as by floppy drives had become commonplace in high-end machines. Nintendo's Famicom had an available cassette data recorder , used for saving programs created with the hardware's version of BASIC and saving progress in some Famicom games.

It was never released outside Japan, but the North American versions of some of the compatible games can technically be used with it, since many early copies of two of the games Excitebike and Wrecking Crew are actually just the Japanese versions in a different shell, and Nintendo intentionally included compatibility in later prints of those titles and in other games since they were planning on releasing the recorder in the region anyway.

Among home computers that used primarily data cassettes for storage in the late s were Commodore PET early models of which had a cassette drive built-in , TRS and Apple II , until the introduction of floppy disk drives and hard drives in the early s made cassettes virtually obsolete for day-to-day use in the US.

However, they remained in use on some portable systems such as the TRS Model line —often in microcassette form—until the early s.

Floppy disk storage had become the standard data storage medium in the United States by the mids; for example, by the majority of software sold by Atari Program Exchange was on floppy.

Cassette remained more popular for 8-bit computers such as the Commodore 64 , ZX Spectrum , MSX , and Amstrad CPC in many countries such as the United Kingdom [] [] where 8-bit software was mostly sold on cassette until that market disappeared altogether in the early s. Reliability of cassettes for data storage is inconsistent, with many users recalling repeated attempts to load video games; [] the Commodore Datasette used very reliable, but slow, digital encoding.

They found use during the s in data loggers for scientific and industrial equipment. Streamer cassettes look almost exactly the same as a standard cassette, with the exception of having a notch about one quarter-inch wide and deep situated slightly off-center at the top edge of the cassette.

Streamer cassettes also have a re-usable write-protect tab on only one side of the top edge of the cassette, with the other side of the top edge having either only an open rectangular hole, or no hole at all.

This is due to the entire one-eighth inch width of the tape loaded inside being used by a streamer cassette drive for the writing and reading of data, hence only one side of the cassette being used.

Streamer cassettes can hold anywhere from kilobytes to megabytes of data. Elcaset is a short-lived audio format that was created by Sony in that is about twice the size, using larger tape and a higher recording speed. Unlike the original cassette, the Elcaset was designed from the outset for sound quality.

It was never widely accepted, as the quality of standard cassette decks rapidly approached high fidelity. Technical development of the cassette effectively ceased when digital recordable media, such as DAT and MiniDisc , were introduced in the late s and early-to-mid s, with Dolby S recorders marking the peak of Compact Cassette technology.

Anticipating the switch from analog to digital format, major companies, such as Sony, shifted their focus to new media. It was aimed primarily at the consumer market. A DCC deck could play back both types of cassettes. Unlike DAT, which was accepted in professional usage because it could record without lossy compression effects, DCC failed in home, mobile and professional environments, and was discontinued in The microcassette largely supplanted the full-sized cassette in situations where voice-level fidelity is all that is required, such as in dictation machines and answering machines.

Microcassettes have in turn given way to digital recorders of various descriptions. Because of consumer demand, the cassette has remained influential on design, more than a decade after its decline as a media mainstay.

As the Compact Disc grew in popularity, cassette-shaped audio adapters were developed to provide an economical and clear way to obtain CD functionality in vehicles equipped with cassette decks but no CD player.

A portable CD player would have its analog line-out connected to the adapter, which in turn fed the signal to the head of the cassette deck. These adapters continue to function with MP3 players and smartphones, and generally are more reliable than the FM transmitters that must be used to adapt CD players and digital audio players to car stereo systems. Digital audio players shaped as cassettes have also become available, which can be inserted into any cassette player and communicate with the head as if they were normal cassettes.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Musicassettes. Magnetic tape recording format for audio recording and playback. This article is about a tape format commonly used for audio recording introduced by Philips in [ discuss ]. For other audio, video and data tape cassette formats, see Cassette and cartridge tapes. Further information: Compact Cassette tape types and formulations. See also: Endless tape cartridge. This section does not cite any sources.

Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

See also: Loop bin duplicator. Main article: Cassette deck. Archived from the original on 3 May Retrieved 29 April Philips USA. Retrieved 27 August Archived from the original on 9 August Retrieved 9 August Magnetic Tape Recording.

Van Nostrand Reinhold. Daniel; C. Dennis Mee; Mark H. Clark Magnetic Recording: The First Years. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Retrieved 10 October What other items do customers buy after viewing this item? Dictating Cassettes, Micro, 60 Minutes, Pack of 3. Special offers and product promotions. Register a free business account.

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See questions and answers. Hi-Fi cassette decks, in contrast to cassette recorders and cassette players, often didn't have built-in amplification or speakers. Many formats of cassette players and recorders have evolved over the years. Initially all were top loading, usually with cassette on one side, and VU meters and recording level controls on the other side.

Older models used combinations of levers and sliding buttons for control. A major innovation was the front-loading arrangement. Pioneer 's angled cassette bay and the exposed bays of some Sansui models eventually were standardized as a front-loading door into which a cassette would be loaded.

Later models would adopt electronic buttons, and replace conventional meters which could be "pegged" when overloaded [ clarification needed ] with electronic LED or vacuum fluorescent displays , with level controls typically being controlled by either rotary controls or side-by-side sliders. Unlike typical cassette decks that use a single head for both record and playback plus a second head for erasing, the Nakamichi , like the better reel-to-reel recorders, used three separate heads to optimize these functions.

Other contenders for the highest "HiFi" quality on this medium were two companies already widely known for their excellent quality reel-to-reel tape recorders: Tandberg and Revox consumer brand of the Swiss professional Studer company for studio equipment. Tandberg started with combi-head machines, such as the TCD , and continued with the TCD 3x0 series with separate playback and recording heads.

All TCD-models possessed dual-capstan drives, belt-driven from a single capstan motor and two separate reel motors. After a disastrous overinvestment in colour television production, Tandberg folded and revived without the HiFi-branch these came from. Both cassette units possessed double capstan drives, but with two independent, electronically controlled capstan motors and two separate reel motors. The head assembly moved by actuating a damped solenoid movement, eliminating all belt drives and other wearable parts.

These machines rivaled the Nakamichi in frequency and dynamic range. A last step taken by Revox produced even more-advanced cassette drives with electronic fine tuning of bias and equalization during recording.

Revox also produced amplifiers, a very expensive FM tuner, and a pickup with a special parallel-arm mechanism of their own design. After releasing that product, Studer encountered financial difficulties. It had to save itself by folding its Revox-branch and all its consumer products except their last reel-to-reel recorder, the B While some [ who? Technically, both camps in this debate were still within the original cassette specification as no tolerance for frequency response is provided above HX Pro was adopted by many other high-end manufacturers.

As they became aimed at more casual users, fewer decks had microphone inputs. Dual decks became popular and incorporated into home entertainment systems of all sizes for tape dubbing.

Although the quality would suffer each time a source was copied, there are no mechanical restrictions on copying from a record, radio, or another cassette source. Even as CD recorders are becoming more popular, some incorporate cassette decks for professional applications.

Another format that made an impact on culture in the s was the radio-cassette, aka the " boom box " a name used commonly only in English-speaking North America , which combined the portable cassette deck with a radio tuner and speakers capable of producing significant sound levels.

These devices became synonymous with urban youth culture in entertainment, which led to the somewhat derisive nickname "ghetto blaster. This also led to such cultural practises as breakdancing. Applications for car stereos varied widely. Auto manufacturers in the U. In the s and s, as the cost of building CD players declined, many manufacturers offered a CD player. The CD player eventually supplanted the cassette deck as standard equipment, but some cars, especially those targeted at older drivers, were offered with the option of a cassette player, either by itself or sometimes in combination with a CD slot.

Most new cars can still accommodate aftermarket cassette players, and the auxiliary jack advertised for MP3 players can be used also with portable cassette players, but was the first model year for which no manufacturer offered factory-installed cassette players.

Although the cassettes themselves were relatively durable, the players required regular maintenance to perform properly. Head cleaning may be done with long swabs, soaked with isopropyl alcohol , or cassette-shaped devices that could be inserted into a tape deck to remove buildup of iron-oxide from the heads , tape-drive capstan, and pinch-roller. Some otherwise normal recording tapes included sections of leader that could clean the tape heads.

One of the concerns of the time however was the use of abrasive cleaning tape. Some of the cleaning tapes actually felt rough to the touch and were considered damaging to the heads. Similarly shaped demagnetizers used magnets to degauss the deck, which kept sound from becoming distorted see Cassette demagnetizer. The Compact Cassette originally was intended for use in dictation machines.

The cassette soon became a popular medium for distributing prerecorded music—initially through The Philips Record Company and subsidiary labels Mercury and Philips in the U. As of , one still finds cassettes used for a variety of purposes, such as journalism , oral history, meeting and interview transcripts, audio-books, and so on.

Police are still big buyers of cassette tapes, as some lawyers "don't trust digital technology for interviews". Prerecorded cassettes were also employed as a way of providing chemotherapy information to recently diagnosed cancer patients as studies found anxiety and fear often gets in the way of the information processing. The cassette quickly found use in the commercial music industry.

One artifact found on some commercially produced music cassettes was a sequence of test tones, called SDR Super Dynamic Range, also called XDR, or eXtended Dynamic Range soundburst tones, at the beginning and end of the tape, heard in order of low frequency to high.

Many consumers objected to these tones since they were not part of the recorded music. News reporting, documentary, and human interest broadcast operations often used portable Marantz PMD-series recorders for the recording of speech interviews.

The key advantages of the Marantz portable recorders were the accommodation of professional microphones with an XLR connector , normal and double tape speed recording for extended frequency response, Dolby and dbx noise reduction systems, manual or automatic gain control AGC level control, peak limiter, multiple tape formulation accommodation, microphone and line level input connections, unbalanced RCA stereo input and output connections, live or tape monitoring, VU meter , headphone jack, playback pitch control, and operation on AC power or batteries optimized for long duration.

Unlike less-expensive portable recorders that were limited to automatic gain control AGC recording schemes, the manual recording mode preserved low noise dynamics and avoided the automatic elevation of noise. Beginning in , Tascam introduced the Portastudio line of four- and eight-track cassette recorders for home-studio use.

In the simplest configuration, rather than playing a pair of stereo channels of each side of the cassette, the typical "portastudio" used a four-track tape head assembly to access four tracks on the cassette at once with the tape playing in one direction.

Each track could be recorded to, erased, or played back individually, allowing musicians to overdub themselves and create simple multitrack recordings easily, which could then be mixed down to a finished stereo version on an external machine. Multi-track cassette recorders with built-in mixer and signal routing features ranged from easy-to-use beginner units up to professional-level recording systems.

Although professional musicians typically used multitrack cassette machines only as "sketchpads", Bruce Springsteen 's " Nebraska " was recorded entirely on a four-track cassette tape. Most cassettes were sold blank, and used for recording dubbing the owner's records as backup, to play in the car, or to make mixtape compilations , their friends' records, or music from the radio. This practice was condemned by the music industry with such alarmist slogans as " Home Taping Is Killing Music ".

However, many claimed that the medium was ideal for spreading new music and would increase sales, and strongly defended their right to copy at least their own records onto tape.

Cassettes were also a boon to people wishing to tape concerts unauthorized or authorized for sale or trade, a practice tacitly or overtly encouraged by many bands, such as the Grateful Dead , with a more counterculture bent.

Blank cassettes also were an invaluable tool to spread the music of unsigned acts, especially within tape trading networks. Various legal cases arose surrounding the dubbing of cassettes. Amstrad , the House of Lords found in favor of Amstrad that producing equipment that facilitated the dubbing of cassettes, in this case a high-speed twin cassette deck that allowed one cassette to be copied directly onto another, did not constitute copyright infringement by the manufacturer.

As an alternative to home dubbing, in the late s, the Personics company installed booths in record stores across America that allowed customers to make personalized mixtapes from a digitally encoded back-catalogue with customised printed covers. Educational, religious, corporate, military, and broadcasting institutions benefited from messaging proliferation through accessibly priced duplicators, offered by Telex Communications , Wollensak , Sony , and others. The duplicators would operate at double or greater tape speed.

Systems were scalable, enabling the user to purchase initially one "master" unit typically with 3 "copy" bays and add "slave" units for expanded duplication abilities. The Hewlett Packard HP was one of the first desktop computers in the early s to use automatically controlled cassette tapes for storage.

It could save and find files by number, using a clear leader to detect the end of tape. Below that is any of the following clip-ons in a slightly smaller white font, which uses some lowercase letters. In most cases, two different voiceovers are used: Version 1, where he says it in a low voice, and Version 2, where he says it in a jollier voice.

Availability : Common. Editor's Note : Several variants strangely have Cummings saying the wrong text. Nostalgia and emotional ownership are closely linked with physical frailty. All these motives probably contribute to the unlikely cassette sales bump; it seems old technology can never quite die if it is still capable of striking an emotional chord and carrying a story. Get our free business newsletter for insights and tips for getting by.

You may occasionally receive promotional content from the Los Angeles Times. Hot Property. Continue Reading. Different Types Of Tapes. Hi8 Tapes. Betamax Tapes. VHS Tapes.

The Compact Cassette or Musicassette (MC), also commonly called the cassette tape, audio cassette, or simply tape or cassette, is an analog magnetic tape recording format for audio recording and mondfernwhonakeren.toubackcoworquowicoratervidoho.co was developed by Philips in Hasselt, Belgium, and introduced in September Compact Cassettes come in two forms, either already containing content as a prerecorded cassette.

9 Replies to “White Month - Fading Beauty - Voice And Silence (Cassette)”

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  7. The beauty of silence gives us a new perspective, because it is a source of great strength. God is a friend of silence. We need silence to connect, to speak, to listen to, and to ponder God’s words deep in our hearts. We need to be alone with God in silence to be renewed and to be transformed, for silence can give us a new outlook in life.
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  9. Dream away On a cassette with lullabies on one side and nursery rhymes on the other: White fluffy clouds slowly drift overhead While you're safely tucked up in Sailing to dreamland This was on a cassette in the 90's one side was lullabies, the other nursery rhymes.

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