In the future days, which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms. The third is freedom from want -- which, translated into world terms, means economic understandings which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants -- everywhere in the world.
The fourth is freedom from fear -- which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction of armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor -- anywhere in the world. Norman Rockwell brought life to these ideals through his iconic Saturday Evening Post magazine covers in , printed alongside essays by prominent thinkers of the day.
I find myself thinking about Roosevelt's words and Rockwell's paintings these days Roosevelt characterized these as "essential human freedoms" and yet today it seems there is nothing "essential" about them. Even in America, they are being challenged everywhere we turn. While we may in theory have freedom of speech, we seem to lack the willingness to listen and understand each other. We have freedom of speech but not the will to find commonality and compromise.
And too often our freedom of speech has given way to freedom to distort. Freedom of worship? How is it that there are still swastikas painted on trees and homes of people of particular faiths burned repeatedly by an arsonist? How is it that people coming together for a prayer group can be shot and killed inside their own church? Similarly, a Spanish study of 15, men and nearly 26, women found that long-term moderate drinking decreased risk of heart disease, especially in men.
According to research from the University of California at San Diego School of Medicine and the American Cancer Society, it seems the sweet spot for sleep—and living a longer life as a result—is to get about seven hours of shut eye every night. The study, which was published in the British Medical Journal , looked at 1. Shockingly, even people who slept only five hours each night on average lived longer than the folks who snoozed for eight or more.
The best survival rates found in the study were for subjects who averaged seven hours each night. The lesson: Get yourself up to seven hours and you'll be your best every morning—and have a lot more mornings to look forward to in the process.
A seafood-rich diet supplies you with heart-healthy omega-3 fatty acids, which might help lengthen your life. Go ahead and flex those muscles! Lifting weights strengthens your body with lean muscle mass, which not only helps you look better, but also live longer. In a University of California, Los Angeles study of 3, adults, people who had the most lean muscle mass were the least likely to die prematurely.
Maybe you were a late bloomer, or maybe love hit you a little later in life than you had planned. If you gave birth to a child after the age of 33, chances are you'll live longer than your friends who had their last child by age A study published in Menopause: The Journal of the North American Menopause Society looked at families and found that women who gave birth later in life lived longer.
In fact, women who gave birth after age 40 were four times more likely to outlive those who delivered a decade earlier. Head researcher of the study, Jie Jin Wang, PhD, believes that the link between living longer and cataract surgery is likely attributed to better mobility, improved physical and emotional well-being, overall optimism, and greater confidence living after besting visual impairment.
If your dad was the oldest on the block, you should call him up and thank him for waiting so long to bring you into the world. Having an older father is a good indicator that you'll outlive your peers, according to research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. What does this really mean for you? If your dad reproduced when he was older, that means his life and environment were more favorable than his ancestors, which is a good precursor to your ability to live longer.
The habit was so strong that Calment only quit when she was and too blind to see well enough to light her own cigarettes. Jeanne credited her long, long, long life to drinking Port wine every day, eating two pounds of chocolate every week, and keeping a sense of humor. Most prevalent of all was extra virgin olive oil—Clement consumed a rich diet of the stuff, which she put in everything but milk, and also rubbed on her skin.
Besse Berry Cooper-Brown was a retired Georgia school teacher who lived to be She took pride in her mostly spotless voting record—since , when the 19th Amendment was passed allowing women to vote, she had only missed voting twice. Those two years were , when her health was finally starting to fail her, and in , when she was one of many who erroneously believed that a Thomas Dewey victory was a lock.
Cooper predictably credited refusing to eat junk food as one reason for living so long, but she also said that her secret was " staying out of others' business. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. Estimates of the heritability of human longevity are substantially inflated due to assortative mating.
Exceptional longevity in men: modifiable factors associated with survival and function to age 90 years. Arch Intern Med. Rizzuto D, Fratiglioni L. Lifestyle factors related to mortality and survival: a mini-review. Was this page helpful?
The trade group Airlines for America declined to let me speak to its head economist. I like to think that it was trying to shield him from having too many depressing discussions in a row. Later they reported that the average passenger count had fallen to 10—and this is despite some reports of planes operating with full passenger loads. In early May, Warren Buffett, renowned for his messages of long-term optimism about U.
A few days earlier, British Airways announced that it was laying off some 12, employees, nearly one-third of its entire staff. Most of the other businesses are suffering because they have been told to close. The airlines are suffering in part because they have been told to stay open. As a condition of the recent bailout packages, and in order to retain long-term rights to their routes, airlines need to keep flying ghost routes : planes with almost no passengers but a full flight crew and cabin staff.
Then, the airline hell was one of too many competing for too little. Too many passengers for the facilities at the airport and the space aboard the plane. Too many planes for the available takeoff and landing slots. Too many cars for the available curb space. Too many loads of baggage for rush-hour handling capacity. Everywhere you looked, too many or too much.
Now, too few. And that is the prospect for the foreseeable future. The airline business has more than one metabolism. Minute by minute, airlines are adjusting schedules and fares. But in placing bets on new aircraft, they must try to imagine circumstances that lie decades—and many business and technology cycles—in the future. Boeing began laying plans for its series in the mids. The planning that led to the ill-starred Max began a dozen years before its first crash.
How the airline and aviation world will look a generation from now, no one can say. Sustainable biofuels or more practical electric-powered aircraft? Or a climate-driven backlash against air travel as a whole?
Chinese progress in their long-standing challenge to the Boeing-Airbus duopoly a project whose origin I described in a book eight years ago?May 16, · Modern medicine redefines the boundaries of age and could soon allow humans to go beyond the limit of years! Until now it was believed that the duration of human life has a given threshold, but scientists who participated in a related conference at the Oxford University .